Irish Political Party Opinion on PESCO
Independents 4 cHange
Solidarity - people Before Profit
PESCO Dáil VOTe 2017
see if your local TD voted for PESCO in decemBer 2017.
if you want to contact them the names are clickable and you can email/call them from Oireachtas.ie
Irish Public Opinion on Defence/Neutrality
Neutrality in Ireland Poll 2016
The two important questions asked in this poll are; ‘Who Wants The Constitution Changed To Enshrine Ireland's Neutrality’ and ‘Who Does NOT Want The Constitution Changed To Enshrine Ireland's Neutrality’. The results were that 57% wanted the constitution changed to enforce Ireland's neutrality, 39% were against the idea and 4% did not know. The results that the RED C published offer some interesting facts. There was a higher amount of women who voted to affirm Ireland's neutrality by changing the constitution than men.
Neutrality in Ireland Poll 2013
The RED C Research along with PANA did a survey in 2013 on Neutrality in Ireland. The Question ‘Ireland should have a policy of Neutrality’ was asked and 57% strongly agreed, and only 7% Strongly Disagreed. 21% somewhat agreed whereas 8% somewhat disagreed and only 8% said neither agree or disagree. These are significant figures that offer an insight into what the Irish mindset is.
Karen Devine: Karen is a lecturer in International Relations at Dublin City University where she teaches Irish Foreign Policy, European Union Policy and Politics, and International Relations and Political Science Theories and Research Methodologies. Her scholarship on Irish foreign policy, neutrality in Europe, and public opinion on foreign policy is published in top-ranked academic journals like Cooperation and Conflict, and regularly features in their most-read and most-cited indexes. She has been published in the top 100 scholarly journals in the world and has enhanced the relative importance of Irish foreign policy by drawing comparisons with other states’ foreign policies.
"This article seeks to solve the puzzle of what explains Irish peace policy norm consistency for over three centuries and the recent reversal of these norms. The methodology analyses values and identities in Irish leaders’ foreign policy discourses and practices, producing evidence that Irish peace policy norms are consistently: independence and neutrality for Ireland in the cause of peace and security; self-determination; anti-imperialism; third world solidarity; and resistance to famine and slavery"
"This article takes a comparative, empirical look at the practice of Irish neutrality during World War II. It critiques a model of neutrality presented in a thesis on Irish neutrality called Unneutral Ireland, consisting of factors derived from an analysis of three states regarded as well-established European neutrals—Austria, Sweden and Switzerland—that reflect the practice of neutrality." (Devine, 2008)
"This article examines the content of concepts of neutrality articulated in elite and public discourses in the context of the development of the European Union’s (EU) Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). In parallel with security and defence policy developments in successive EU treaties, many argue that the meaning of neutrality has been re-conceptualized by elites in EU ‘neutral’ member states (specifically, Austria, Finland, Ireland and Sweden) to the point of irrelevance and inevitable demise"(Devine, 2011)
This article approaches ‘neutrality’ as an essentially contested concept and traces its meaning and purpose over centuries-long historical timelines and situated political, societal and security contexts. It distinguishes neutrality from other concepts such as ‘neutralization’ ‘non-belligerency’, ‘non-alignment’, ‘military non-alignment’, ‘military neutrality’ and ‘non-allied’. The article explains the politics of defining neutrality in the current European political and legal landscape and in the context of shifting definitions and practices of war, peace, security and state sovereignty.
"The 2001/2002 Irish Social and Political Attitudes Survey (ISPAS) survey showed that the strongest public support for neutrality is for a concept embodying the following foreign policy goals (Devine, 2008: 471): ● non-involvement in war ● independence ● impartiality ● peace-promotion● self-defence only ● non-aggression ● not supporting big powers ● making our own decisions ● UN peace-keeping only" (Devine, 2009)
Irish State Documents
Membership of the European Communities 1970
The accession of Ireland to the European Communities 1972
Challenges and Opportunities abroad: White Paper on Foreign Policy
Department of foreign Affairs
Maidir leis an mBuanchomhar Struchtúrtha
Doiciméid PESCO trí Ghaeilge